If you are starting a cold store business in Ghana, then it is very important to read this full post, as it has very useful information.
Today we are going to focus on the importance of the cold chain in logistics, what it is and why it is necessary to respect it at all times.
When you are planning to start Cold Storage Business in Ghana, several of the most important factors when distributing a product or an article is its delivery on time and inadequate conditions. Especially if they are food or refrigerated that can spoil in case of not having a constant temperature all the time.
Hence the use of cold and machines to achieve a suitable temperature for its transfer. But what exactly is the cold chain? We will detail it below if you have finalized to start Cold Storage Business in Ghana.
What is the cold chain in logistics?
The “cold chain” is a storage system adapted to the transport of all kinds of articles and products that need cold, from food and beverages to medicines and vaccines.
In the fish cold store business in Ghana, these items must maintain recommended temperatures from point of manufacture to point of use. Hence, this constant temperature must be respected through the so-called cold chain. In other words, the role of the cold chain is to keep food in good condition. In other words, a cold chain is a temperature-controlled supply chain throughout the supply chain.
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For this, a combination of different technologies that depend on physical means (trucks, packages, warehouses, cooling equipment, etc.) is used to ensure the desired temperature conditions throughout the logistics chain in Accra.
For example, by moving and unloading from one truck to another, the same temperature of the box or the product is preserved through its measurement, use of cooling materials, and in stable conditions.
In every Cold Storage Business in Ghana, the supply chain must have a constant temperature throughout the shipment. Hence, the objective of this refers to the preservation of constant temperatures from manufacture to delivery of food.
And the fact is that the cold is a very important factor that must be respected and that if it fails in a moment of transport, it fails in the entire chain. Above all, in the exchange of operations and downloads, the load can be damaged.
In cold store business in Ghana, the loading and handling of merchandise from the company to the truck, or from the truck to the warehouse, must always maintain a constant temperature within a range set by the manufacturer and the item to be transported.
How to preserve and maintain the right temperature?
If you are planning to start your own Cold Storage Business in Ghana, you should know its process. During this process, all participants in the logistics process, from drivers, administrators, and entrepreneurs, must monitor and maintain the optimal temperature range for each product.
Their temperature depends on their expiration date and type of food. For example, cold chains for vaccines and medicines require a temperature between 2º and 8º Celsius.
On the other hand, refrigerated foods such as vegetables and fruits must maintain a constant and adequate temperature range according to their state, consumption, and place of origin.
In the Cold Storage Business in Ghana, It is not necessary to maintain the same temperature for a fruit that comes from Ecuador as another that comes from Valencia. However, it is advisable to transport the vegetables between 5 and 12 degrees.
In the cold store business in Ghana, it depends on each fruit, for example, bananas must always have between 9 and 12 degrees from their initial transport to delivery. Instead, lemons can have a cold chain in the 8-10 degree range.
Components of the cold chain:
The cold chain has three main components (personnel, cold equipment, and maintenance), each of which must be combined to ensure safe transportation and storage of products.
Staff to manage distribution:
Also, in your cold store business in Ghana, trained and qualified staff plays an important role. All personnel handling loads must be trained and qualified to carry out their work and respect the transport conditions. Unloading personnel must be prepared when picking up refrigerated trucks and pallets to avoid disrupting the cold chain.
Hence, they must wear appropriate clothing and PPE (personal protective equipment) for the cold and enter the cold rooms, as well as respect the protection measures as a result of the coronavirus.
Equipment for storage and transportation:
In Cold Storage Business In Ghana, to keep the cold in any means of transport (train, truck, or ship), adequate machinery and refrigeration equipment are essential. This equipment in trucks must be prepared by the presence of elements such as insulating walls, review of machinery, packaging that respects breathing and preservation of food, etc.
There is various cooling equipment depending on each truck, from temperature-controlled transport to refrigerated semi-trailers, tri-temperature, or multi-temperature trailers capable of transporting food in different and individual areas or zones, either jointly or separately.
For the equipment to work well in Kumasi, they must be perfectly equipped and checked. And it is that the lack of maintenance can cause that the chain of cold is not stable and fails.
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Therefore, it is the final responsibility of the personnel and transport companies, as well as the places of unloading and storage, to check the equipment at least once a year or when required by law.
Temperature to be respected in different types of food:
– White meat (chickens, rabbits, and chickens) at about 4 degrees.
– The rest of the meat should be around 7 degrees.
– Derivatives of milk (cheeses, yogurts, creams, and creams) have to maintain 4º centigrade.
– Milk distribution at about 6º.
– Seafood and fish must be transported with ice in Sekondi-Takoradi.
– Deep-frozen products such as creams are at -20 ºC; on the other hand, frozen fish and other deep-frozen products should be at -19. The rest of the frozen products, except the butter, must be at -12º.
And is that the cold is the best ally to keep food fresh. Of course, it must be kept at all times to transport food, and that is the only way we make sure that the food reaches the supermarkets and our tables in perfect condition.
And did you know the importance of the cold chain in the Cold Storage Business in Ghana? Do you want to know more about logistics and our fleet of refrigerated trucks? Or are you starting a cold store business in Ghana? Do not forget to visit our website and logistics blog and you will be up to date with everything you need to know about the logistics sector and the cold.