Potato cold storage in India business is booming today. Cold logistics is made up of various elements, from refrigerators to freezers, including cold rooms or the trucks themselves, to the activities necessary so that a product in question, be it food, health, or pharmaceutical, can be kept at the right temperature.
It is not enough that there is a cold place in which to store the products, but the entire cold logistics chain has to be adapted to the conservation needs: transport, warehouses, sales areas… And, of course, it also does a reference to the human factor, which must operate in these complex conditions.
Depending on how long the product must be kept cold, we find two systems:
- Freezing: temperatures are below 0º C (could reach -20º C or -30º C). It is a long-term cold preservation method.
- Refrigeration: a short-term mechanism, in which temperatures above 0ºC and below 10ºC are established.
One of the main challenges in managing the cold chain is getting the temperature to be in the exact range required by each specific product. Not because it gets colder is better. But, it must be kept in the correct state, both positive and negative. As a curiosity, it is interesting to note that the most difficult product to transport is chocolate, which has to be at 16ºC. Are you planning to start your own business of potato cold storage in India, do not hesitate to get in touch with us at nsspl.in.
For this reason, there are 5 large ranges of negative temperature for the maintenance of the products:
- From 0 to -4º C
- From -4 to -8º C
- From -8 to -12º C
- -20º C, for frozen products
- -30º C, for frozen products
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In cold logistics, a decrease in temperatures is required and, in this way, avoid the growth of agents that can alter the correct state of the product. For this, two systems are differentiated:
Active cold chain: generates cold and maintains a constant temperature
Passive cold chain – keep cold, but don’t believe it
Transport in the cold chain:
For some time now, they have increased the number of products that have to remain at a fixed and controlled temperature. This is due, among other circumstances, to the increase in imports and exports, and the increasing consumption of fresh products. Logically, it ends up having an increase in the need for logistics facilities that allow potato cold storage in India.
Before delving into the warehouse, a process of utmost importance must be considered: transportation. And how is this done?
- Plane: it is the fastest and most efficient system. Airports have a temperature control center for perishable products.
- Ship: through refrigerated ships or with refrigerated containers, transport (at the precise temperature) is achieved by water.
- Truck (road transport): the current model is to do the transport with refrigerated or refrigerated containers in the truck.
- Rail: as in ships or trucks, the most common, at the moment, is the use of refrigerated containers. The railway platforms have autogenous equipment that supplies electricity to these containers.
The previous classification shows that there is a transverse transfer system to all, which is intermodality. That is, refrigerated containers can be transported in various means of transport.
Efficient management in chilled environments:
On several occasions, we wanted to highlight in this blog the importance of the correct management of logistics and the importance of processes for the future of a company. For example, poor service, caused by a delay in delivery or an error in shipping, can lead to errors in the work chain of different departments.
In the case of potato cold storage in India logistics, the negative consequences of the error multiply. It is not the same to deliver a damaged mobile phone. That will be replaced as soon as possible, to deliver food in poor condition, which may cause errors with greater consequences. An excellent sample is currently found with the vaccines against COVID-19, which for their conservation are subject to maintenance at specific temperatures.
Energy efficiency in the warehouse and at the point of sale, as well as continuous temperature control, are fundamental pillars throughout the process.
For this reason, it is extremely important, if our company has to transport, store and distribute products with explicit thermal requirements, that considerable investment is made in cold logistics.
And this investment, to a large extent, will influence the acquisition of adapted and efficient solutions in all phases of the chain. These are being updated and modernized, a good example of this is the monitors, the cold controllers, or the smart labels, which change color when the temperature is not adequate.
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Adapted solutions for cold logistics:
Before going into detail, an aspect that reflects the importance of effective management in the maintenance of the cold chain is based on taking into account that the distribution of a refrigerated product involves twice the cost of that of a dry product. And if it is frozen, the expense is four times higher.