Farmers frequently see a deterioration in quality between the time they take their harvest from the field and the time they transport it to the marketplace. This represents a significant loss for the farmers as well as for the food produced, the time spent, and the efforts made. Cold storage offers a smart solution for keeping the goods in their shape until farmers get the best deal. But what precautions are to be taken before storing grains in Godowns and cold storage? Keep reading to learn everything about it.
What Precautions Are To Be Taken Before Storing Grains In Godowns And Cold Storage?
So, What precautions are to be taken before storing grains in Godowns and cold storage? Keep reading to learn everything about it.
- Get Grain Bins Ready.
Making sure your storage areas are ready for the grain to enter is the first step in ensuring quality grain. Clear up your bins and throw away any grain that may still contain insects. Additionally, look under the floor. NSSPL CEO Yogesh Dhaiya, suggests that this “may be a really good location for bugs to go from one year to the next.” “Fumigate or try to clean the garbage if you had a pest infestation at the conclusion of the previous year.”
Although it might be too late to implement this change for the current grain storage season, bear it in mind for the following ones.
- Retain High-Quality Grains.
The state of the corn when it is harvested will impact how well it will preserve. It is advisable to start with ripe, high-quality maize if you are considering long-term storage, advises CEO Yogesh Dhaiya. “This year, some of the grain in the Northern region was frosty. That grain might be a bit underdeveloped, have a lower test weight, and most likely not be corn that has the same chances of surviving long-term storage as maize of high quality.
- Dehydrate To The Appropriate Moisture Content.
The next page’s maximum permitted storage life chart illustrates how long maize with various moisture contents can really be kept at various temperatures. Grain must be dried to a lower moisture content for extended storage.
We have developed the belief that we can dispose of 15% of the waste and be fine to go, according to Woodruff. The situation has changed.
- Improving Air Release – The Aeration
Aeration will be enhanced by properly applying fines with a grain shovel or by repeatedly coring. On containers smaller than 48 feet, a grain spreader can be utilized to distribute particles.
According to Yogesh Dhaiya, it’s crucial to distribute the penalties around the container so they aren’t concentrated in the middle. “Air follows the route of least resistance, just like humans and water do. The air will rise outside when there are a lot of particulates in the middle, causing a lot of spoiling there.
Load grains immediately into larger particle bins. Pull out roughly 300 bushels of grain every ten to fifteen feet, forming an upside-down cone. Repetitive coring is the technique used to get rid of particles in the center.
Woodruff advocates pulling the peaked grain bins down when the harvest is complete so the center is slightly below the corn at the wall. From the side, the grain will resemble an “M” in some way. This enables the removal of particles and foreign particles from the center of the bin and assists in bringing airflow to the center.
- Manage The Temperature.
According to CEO Yogesh Dhaiya, it is essential to be able to regulate the temperature of grain while it is being stored. So that you can regulate the grain temperature, he advises placing grain in a storage system with a suitable aeration system.
- Keep Cool During The Summer.
The ideal grain storage temperature for the summer is a topic of some debate. The conventional wisdom advised bringing the grain’s temperature to within 10 to 15 degrees of the ambient temperature. For the past 20 years, it has been advised to store the grain at a cool 40°F during the summer and spring months. Some people are now advocating warming the grain to 50°F in order to store it throughout the summertime.
- Control Grain Regularly.
It has long been advised to check your grain once a week in the summer. According to an ancient wives’ tale, if a 50,000-bushel bin contained $200,000 in a 5-gallon bucket at the top, the owner would check it three times daily, according to Woodruff. The amount of cash in that bin is enormous and some people only examine it once on a monthly basis. You should check it once a week.
- Be Aware Of Insects.
In the summer, keeping an eye out for insects is yet another reason to routinely check the grain.
In warmer climates, it can take 2 to 3 weeks to move from having one or two bugs to have a serious infestation, according to CEO Yogesh Dhaiya. “If you don’t check about once a week, you can’t take corrective action. You’ll find yourself responding to significant issues.
This blog is also worth reading for you: – What are the 2 types of cold storage ?
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Following the above precautions to be taken before storing grains in the Godowns and cold storage, you can store the grains both in the godowns and the cold storage efficiently. So, you can establish and store the grains in cold storage units in Eluru, Nandyal, Bhiwani, and Fatehpur.